Son Left Out of an Oklahoma Trust Could Not Bring Probate Action to Receive a Forced Share from His Father’s Estate
In a recent case, the Oklahoma Supreme Court found that Oklahoma’s pretermitted heir statute did “not” extend to a revocable inter vivos trust. In the case, decedent left no will having previously placed everything in a trust. As a result, his alleged son filed a probate action seeking what is tantamount to a share of decedent’s Trust as a pretermitted heir.
The Oklahoma Supreme Court found that Oklahoma’s pretermitted heir statute does “not” limit a testator’s power to dispose of his property by trust and
Plain Text or Arbitration Clause Allows FLSA Collective Action in Arbitration
In DirecTV v. Arndt, 2013 WL 5718384 (Oct. 23,2013), the 11th Circuit, applying Oxford Health Plans v. Sutter, 133 S.Ct. 2064 (2013), upheld an arbitrator’s decision interpreting a AAA clause—which did not explicitly mention class arbitration or class actions—as permitting employees to bring a FLSA collective action in arbitration. The plaintiffs, technicians who worked for DirecTV, were subject to a broad arbitration clause that required that “all claims or controversies … past, present or future, arising out of an employee’s employment or termination” be submitted to binding arbitration, including “claims for wages or other compensation due … and claims for violation of any federal, state, or other governmental law, statute, regulation, or ordinance.” The clause also boldly promised that “the Agreement provides for an adequate and equal opportunity for the vindication of claims and complaints through this arbitration process.”
The technicians filed
The Court of Appeals reversed, holding that, under Sutter, the arbitrator had “arguably interpreted the parties’ agreements,” and thus that the district court should have ended its inquiry and denied DirecTV’s motion to vacate. The court’s explanation for why DirecTV’s reliance on Stolt-Nielsen was misplaced shows what is often determinative in these cases: